Showing posts with label Brick Buildings. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Brick Buildings. Show all posts

Monday

Brick Building Earthquake Warning

Should the people of St.Louis be concerned? 2017 Solar Eclipse follows the line of the North American Rift and since the New Madrid Fault line is located in this general area. Yes I feel it does cause room to be aware of the situation at the minimum.

Solar Eclipse and the North American Rift will it affect the New Madrid Fault?



I hope, have prayed, and will do a little more praying in the days to come that the Madrid Fault does not move from its current location. The Brick and Masonry buildings around town that were built during the World Fair held in St.Louis years and years ago were not constructed with steel reinforment when the brick buildings were built.

StLouis Worlds Fair Brick Building History Lesson: There were many clues for determining the age of the building. When St Louis hosted the Worlds Fair.  The city planners realized that housing was going to be needed for everyone and started building many of the brick homes that are still being utilized all over the city today....Either way when you have the type of brick as the ones in this building you have a building using bricks that were made in the Late 1800s or early 1900s. 

This means that any lateral or sideways movement could allow for the collapse of many of the brick buildings around town. The Buildings were not constructed using modern day building practices and did not have metal support or bracing in the mortar that holds the bricks in place. 


Masonry / Brick Buildings without steel reinforcement are made for compression strengthWhen steel reinforcement is added it will support lateral or sideways strength see image Masonry Constructed Safe Room Design.

Masory Construction Lateral or Sideways Support is provided by the Steel Reinforcment
Masory Lateral or Sideways Support is provided by the Steel Reinforcment
Here is what could happen to the Buildings in StLouis in an Earth Quake:
Brick Wall Collapse Images and Repair St Louis Masonry Buildings
Brick Wall Collapse Images and Repair St Louis Masonry Buildings
  1. When the ground moves the buildings will also move: up, down, sideways, back and fourth. 
  2. The movement will cause the mortar or glue that holds the old bricks together to come loose. 
  3. This could cause the walls of a masonry brick building to come tumbling down as in the image above. 
  4. For your own safety: Vacate or Leave the Premise or Move away from exterior walls and vacate the top floor of the building if an Earthquake does happen in St.Louis.
St.Louis Brick Building collapse images used in infographic were copied from ONSL.org http://onsl.org/



Thank You for stopping by the Green Blog. If additional information in needed or you have a question let me know by posting a question, comment, contact form, or by email. Together we can make a difference and create a future that will benefit everyone.

Tuesday

Interesting Guidelines Insulating Brick Buildings

Moisture, Mold, Temperature, all play a significant part in choosing:

Exterior and Interior Insulation of Masonry Buildings.  Please note that Water is a very important consideration.

Jan 25, 15 Scotty added a better link.
Click here to download this file
View more  ebooks on ebookbrowseee.com

Click here to download this pdf file

since StLouis has Brick and Masonry Buildings here is More Information on Brick Buildings by Scotty

Keystone, Springers, Voussoirs StLouis Brick Building .... Part 14: Custom Flooring Patch Hardwood Floor Repair-Benton Rehab. Thank you for stopping by St ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/search/.../Brick%20Buildings?m...
Getting another 100 years of Service from this Masonry Brick Building will not be an .... Part 14: Custom Flooring Patch Hardwood Floor Repair-Benton Rehab.
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/.../Masonry%20Buildings?m=0
We First Tuck-pointed the Brick Walls of the Building. We could then ... Part 14: Custom Flooring Patch Hardwood Floor Repair-Benton Rehab. Thank you for ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/.../Home%20Energy%20Savings
How insulation Saves Money- How Insulation Works-Typical-St Louis Brick Home used in Examples ... Part 11: Kitchen Framing Tip #36-Benton Rehab Project.
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/.../cad-drawing-insulation-st-louis- brick.html?...
Benton Rehab Tree Root Experiment and Damage Update ... a distance of 15-20 feet in length and followed the top course of brick alongside the Parapet Wall.
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/2013_04_01_archive.html?m...
Brick and Siding Design Build Photo by Scotts Contracting, St Louis Renewable ...... Tuckpointing the Attic Walls-Brick Home Rehab Project, 2012-11-07, Benton  ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/2012?view=magazine
Getting another 100 years of Service from this Masonry Brick Building will not be ... a little #hvacservices while we finish up the Benton Rehab Project- to see the ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/2013_07_01_archive.html?m...
Part 4: Tuckpointing the Brick Walls pt 2 ... Part 11: Kitchen Framing Tip #36- Benton Rehab Project · Part 12: Water Main Repair- Benton Rehab · Part 13: Benton ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/2010/.../wet-crawl-space.html?...
Part 4: Tuckpointing the Brick Walls pt 2 ... Part 11: Kitchen Framing Tip #36- Benton Rehab Project · Part 12: Water Main Repair- Benton Rehab · Part 13: Benton ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com/.../review-water-conserving- showerheads.html?...
Part 3: Tuckpointing the Brick Walls pt 1 ... Part 11: Kitchen Framing Tip #36- Benton Rehab Project · Part 12: Water Main Repair- Benton Rehab · Part 13: Benton ...
stlouisrenewableenergy.com/2011/10/
Let Scott's Contracting Supply a Free Green Estimate for your next Project-Large or Small. scottscontracting (at) gmail.com http://blog.stlouisrenewableenergy.com 


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Thank You for stopping by-Share and Comment below. If additional information in needed or you have a question let me know. Together we can make a difference and create a future that will benefit everyone. Build a Green StLouis Green Building Tips and Resources via: Scotty- St Louis Renewable Energy Green Blog
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Importance of Keystone,Springers,Voussoirs-Architectural Arches StLouis Brick Building

Keystone (architecture)

Decorative Lion Head Keystone-image courtesy Wikipedia
Decorative Lion Head Keystone

Location of Keystone-Architectural Arch-Photo Courtesy Wikipedia
Location of Keystone-Architectural Arch





From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: 

keystone is the wedge-shaped stone piece 

at the apex of a masonry vault or arch, which 

is the final piece placed during construction 

and locks all the stones into position, allowing 

the arch to bear weight. 



Although a masonry arch or vault cannot be 

self-supporting until the keystone is placed, 

the keystone experiences the least stress 

of any of the voussoirs

due to its position at the apex.

Keystone, Springers, Voussoirs StLouis Brick Building
Keystone, Springers, Voussoirs StLouis Brick Building








Voussoir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

voussoir (pronounced /vuˈswɑr/) is a wedge-shaped element, 
typically a stone, used in building an arch or vault.
Although each unit in an arch or vault is a voussoir, 
two units are of distinct functional importance: 
the keystone and the springer. 

  • The keystone is the center stone or masonry unit 
            at the apex of an arch. 

  • The springer is the lowermost voussoir, 

located where the curve of the arch springs from the 
vertical support or abutment of the wall or pier.

The word is a mason's term borrowed in Middle English from 
French verbs connoting a "turn" (OED). Each wedge-shaped 
voussoir turns aside the thrust of the mass above, transferring 
it from stone to stone to the springer's bottom face ('impost'), 
which is horizontal and passes the thrust on to the supports. 

Voussoir arches distribute weight efficiently and take maximum 
advantage of the compressive strength of stone, as in an arch bridge.
In Eastern Romanesque and Arab architecture the voussoirs are 
often in alternating colors, usually red and white.

During the 18th and 19th centuries British bricklayers became 
aware that by thickening the vertical mortar joint between regularly 
shaped bricks from bottom to top they could construct an elliptical 
arch of useful strength over either a standard 'former' or over 
specially constructed timber false work, (work to be removed following 
the construction of the prime). The bricks used in such an arch 
are often referred to as 'voussoirs'.

Wednesday

Repairing the Brick Hole from Tree Damage

The tree roots having been long removed from the brick wall.  The Crew and I moved onto laying the bricks in the hole in the wall.  We laid 2 courses of bricks in the hole.  I estimated that there was between 550-650 bricks used to fill this spot and 10 bags of Pro Mix Mortar from Raineri Building Materials.


Setting up the Scaffolding for Brick Repair
Setting up the Scaffolding for Brick Repair-StLouis Brick Home

Scotts Contracting-Applying a stucco finish after the brick wall repair
Applying a stucco finish after the brick wall repair

Thursday-With just a few more spots to finish the stucco finish and a clean up- we've almost got this project under wraps.  In the next post I will share a little History of the Building.  {Hint} Its quite interesting and goes back to the Horse-Buggy Days and Firemen.





Thank you for stopping by St Louis Renewable Energy. Feel free to comment in the section below or contact Scotts Contracting- St Louis Home Improvement Projects and Energy Reducing Needs Get Your Green Building Tips and Resources at St Louis Renewable Energy Green Blog

Sunday

Pt1 Spray Foam Insulation StLouis Brick Building

 To help educate the people of StLouis against future problems in regard to: Air Quality, Durability, and Creature Comforts I put together: Part One-Basement, Crawl Space, Stone Foundation Insulation Series on: Cost Effective:Energy Conservation for StLouis Brick Buildings [ where, how and why with suggested solutions in regard to spray foam insulation.]


Recently I've had a couple of requests to "Spray Foam" Insulate a StLouis Brick Home with Spray Foam Insulation-I don't know who has been telling people its ok to do 'this or that' but I want to show all the readers the basic principles behind the Actual Building Science behind Spray Foam Insulation and the best practices for using this product.


Many times the shows on TV and supposed building professionals performing similar home improvement services [in some instances these shows are correct;many times they are not.]  So before you start spraying foam insulation on the walls of your building there are a few areas that need to be considered before starting on a project such as this-follow the suggested Building Science Principles for






  #brick 


  




See, Review and Comment on the Google Cloud Document: Spray Foam Insulation St Louis Brick Buildings

Thank you for stopping by St Louis Renewable Energy. Feel free to comment in the section below or contact Scotts Contracting- St Louis Home Improvement Projects and Energy Reducing Needs Get Your Green Building Tips and Resources at St Louis Renewable Energy Green Blog

Saturday

Tuckpointing Interior- Rehab of 4 Family Part 3



 How we  brought the Old Western - Old South St Louis Architecture- Decor and Feel into a Modern Day Apartment- Benton Gut Rehab


We performed extensive tuck-pointing on the Building for
  • Aesthetic Purposes -for the Interior-see Soulard* Red Colored Mortar in this picture below ) and 

    Structural Purposes  (see upcoming Green Blog Post) both of which have Energy Saving Benefits!

    Soulard Red Decorative Tuck-pointing



Materials/Tools Used for the Project:
  • Type N- Masonry and Tuckpoint Mortar Mix
  • Red Coloring (Soulard Red)- Dry Mix
  • 4 in Diamond Plated Grinder Wheels
  • Various Tuck-pointing tools- Concave Pointers
  • Hudson Sprayer
  • Step Ladders and Walk Boards
  • Safety Glasses / Dust Masks
  • Wheel Barrow and Garden Hoe
Before During and After Pictures of this stage of the project



Scotts Contracting Decorative Interior Tuckpointing Soulard Red Mortar Mix Type N 

  
After we Ground out the Mortar Joints we then Tuck-pointed the Soulard Red Decorative Mortar Mix into the Mortar Joints.  Type N Masonry Mix "Pro Mix"
Scotts Contracting Decorative Interior Tuckpointing Soulard Red Mortar Mix Type N
  • Before We Removed the Damaged Exterior Wall.
  • We First Tuck-pointed the Brick Walls of the Building.
  • We could then Safely Remove the Damaged Lumber and Walls- after shoring up the existing Ceiling Joists (upcoming post in the Series)
  •  Rebuild the 2x6 Walls (upcoming post in the Series)
     

scotts Contracting Gut Rehab St Louis Missouri
Building the 2x6 Walls and Door Frame

  1. Removed all the old plaster from 2 walls int the Apartment then
  2. ground out all the mortar joints to a depth of one-half to three-quarters of an inch
  3. We then blew all the loose mortar from the area -To clean out the joints and prepare the Mortar Bed for the New Mix
  4. Dampened the area with a Hudson sprayer filled with water- before applying the Masonry Mix -On older buildings this is a critical step as it will help the Masonry Mix adhere to the Bricks while the New Mortar cures.
  5. We then filled the cracks with Type N Masonry and Tuckpoint Mix
  6. Brush the area for a consistent look
  7. Clean Up the area and enjoy the Decorative Look of the new Red Accent Walls




 

   
Scotts Contracting Decorative Interior Accent Wall Tuckpointing with Soulard Red Type N Masonry Mix

Soulard Red Interior Tuckpointing by Scotts Contracting 

Scotts Contracting Decorative Interior Accent Wall Tuckpointing with Soulard Red Type N Masonry Mix
 The 'Soulard Red' Decorative Tuck-pointed Accent Walls- when combined with: 
  • Modern Drywall that has a 
  • Smooth Textured Finish and a 
  • 'Refinished Douglas Fir Wood Floor' which Mother Nature has provided a natural reddish tint will give this kitchen and bedroom area the:

Old Western - Old South St Louis Architecture Decor and Feel into a Modern Day Apartment- Benton Gut Rehab






Thank you for stopping by St Louis Renewable Energy. Feel free to comment in the section below or contact Scotty for any Home Improvement Projects or Energy Reducing Needs and Scotty, Scotts Contracting will respond ASAP. Company Web Address: http://www.stlouisrenewableenergy.com


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