Showing posts with label Clean Coal. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Clean Coal. Show all posts

Monday

How climate change will impact states like Missouri-via U. S. National Climate Assessment

 
U. S. National Climate Assessment outlines how climate change will impact states like Missouri.  


States are taking action

Before issuing this proposal, EPA heard from states, utilities, labor unions, nongovernmental organizations, consumer groups, industry and others to learn more about what programs are already working to reduce carbon pollution.  We learned that states are leading the way– especially through programs that expand energy efficiency and renewable energy. Missouri already has programs in place that could be part of its individual or regional plan to reduce carbon pollution, including: 
  • Energy efficiency standards or goals
  • Demand-side energy efficiency programs that advance energy efficiency improvements for electricity use
  • Renewable energy portfolio standards or goals

Proposed state goals build on state leadership

To set state-specific goals, EPA analyzed the practical and affordable strategies that states and utilities are already using to lower carbon pollution from the power sector. These include improving energy efficiency, improving power plant operations, and encouraging reliance on low-carbon and zero-emitting electricity generation. Together, these make up the best system for reducing carbon pollution. They achieve meaningful reductions at a lower cost. 

The Agency applied these strategies consistently, but each state’s energy mix ultimately leads to a different goal that is unique to the state.
 
In 2012, Missouri’s power sector CO2 emissions were approximately 71 million metric tons from sources covered by the rule. The amount of energy produced by fossil-fuel fired plants, and certain low or zero emitting plants was approximately 80 terawatt hours (TWh)*. So, Missouri’s 2012 emission rate was 1,963 pounds/megawatt hours (lb/MWh).  

EPA is proposing that Missouri develop a plan to lower its carbon pollution to meet its proposed emission rate goal of 1,544 lb/MWh in 2030.

*includes existing non-hydro renewable energy generation and approximately 6% of nuclear generation. The 2012 emission rate shown here has not been adjusted for any incremental end-use energy efficiency improvements that states may make as part of their plans to reach these state goals. 

States decide how to cut carbon pollution 

The state goals are not requirements on individual electric generating units. Missouri will choose how to meet the goal through whatever combination of measures reflects its particular circumstances and policy objectives. A state does not have to put in place the same mix of strategies that EPA used to set the goal.

Missouri may work alone or in cooperation with other states to comply with the proposed rule.  EPA estimates that states could achieve their goals most cost effectively if they work with others.  

EPA encourages states to look broadly across their electricity system to identify strategies for their plans to reduce carbon pollution.  Strategies can include:   
  • Demand-side energy efficiency programs
  • Renewable energy standards
  • Efficiency improvements at plants
  • Dispatch changes
  • Co-firing or switching to natural gas
  • Construction of new Natural Gas Combined-Cycle plants
  • Transmission efficiency improvements
  • Energy storage technology
  • Retirements
  • Expanding renewables like wind and solar
  • Expanding nuclear
  • Market-based trading programs
  • Energy conservation programs
Missouri's Energy Mix in 2012 (in percentage)
Hover over the chart to see more info. (Source: The EIA form 923)

Missouri's Role in New Carbon Plan-proposed emission rate goal of 1,544 lb per MWh in 2030
  • 2012, Missouri’s power sector CO2 emissions were approximately 71 million metric tons from sources covered by the rule. The amount of energy produced by fossil-fuel fired plants, and certain low or zero emitting plants was approximately 80 terawatt hours (TWh)*. So, Missouri’s 2012 emission rate was 1,963 pounds/megawatt hours (lb/MWh).
    EPA is proposing that Missouri develop a plan to lower its carbon pollution to meet its proposed emission rate goal of 1,544 lb/MWh in 2030

Clean Power Plan - States

The science shows that climate change is already posing risks to our health and our economy.

Nationwide by 2030, the Clean Power Plan will help cut carbon emissions from the power sector by 30 percent below 2005 levels.

The proposal also would cut pollution that leads to the formation of soot and smog by over 25 percent in 2030.

States, cities and businesses across our country are already taking action. They have set energy efficiency targets, increased their use of renewable energy, made agreements and implemented programs to cut carbon pollution.


Read More at:

  • http://cleanpowerplanmaps.epa.gov/CleanPowerPlan/
  •  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/06/epa-map-co2-emissions_n_5461848.html?utm_hp_ref=green


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Wednesday

Clean Coal

My tech uses Microwave Induced Plasma (MIP) to break the compounds to their elements, by stripping the electron(s) off the atoms, breaking the valence bond(s), releasing and capturing the solids, and collecting the gases. I am using the plasma, not plasmafied air, and thus this is a more efficient molecular process. I am currently using a 1050-1300watt(80w base) system. Compared to current 3000w (base)-100mw plasma/air torches. Plasmafication vs Combustion. "It is a MATTER of WAVELENGTH"! We could be working on solar/wind/geothermal powered Trash Plasmafication Plants, coal emissions capture and recycling the solids, water purification, and alot more. While there are several arc plasma plants working or ready to go, there are not many in the US. We have more trash than anyone! This trash is poisoning US, and emissions and run off pollution, , With Boone's wind farms, Solar, and Geothermal energy, we can use trash and captured emissions, to reduce fossil fuel use, emissions, and pollution, While creating jobs, and economic growth. Please read these links! If you do not understand, anything I have written! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_physics http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrochemistry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gasification http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syngas http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_of_energy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Tesla http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philo_T._Farnsworth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetism http://www.spectroscopyeurope.com/Atomic_15_5.pdf http://www.ecogeek.org/content/view/1872/74/ Some Applications: For which I own 2 provisional patents. __________ Oxygen Scrubber Technology: the oxidant generator can be used in homes, hospitals, infectious disease labs, space and underwater exploration, to clean and sterilize the air. There are many commercial and non-energy industrial applications. (Input gases are broken, solids collected, the gases reform as Nitrous oxide + Ozone, which breaks down easily into breathable atmosphere, Whereas; CO2 doesn't. And no virus or microbe will survive a Plasma bath.) This replaces current electro-chemical scrubbers. (this was submitted to the Google Project 10 to the 100th) __________ Plasmafication recycling: Plasma breaks the compounds(trash) into its elements, releasing gases, solids fall to be recycled for reuse. The gases are used in a Boiler configuration to make electricity. here is a link of current tech. http://www.hartfordinfo.org/issues/wsd/landfill/EngEnvApp.pdf _________ Coal emission scrubber: Using plasma to break the compounds in coal emissions, releasing solids, and the gases reform as Nitrous Oxide and Ozone. These gases are used to increase coal efficiency. (while there are nano-tube filters that bind CO2, they do not capture sulfer, mercury, or other pollutants. Whereas: my tech can!) _________ Fuel to hydrogen: the following links are of buried tech, which my inventions replace. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/success/plasmatron-ld-dec01.pdf http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/5498826/description.html Oil sand plasmafication: This is another application of my tech, break the oil in the sand to hydrogen, with some nice carbon black glass to sell! Coal gas plasmafication: breaking the coal to hydrogen, capturing the solids. __________ Ocean water Plasmatrolysis: breaking ocean the water compound to H+N2O+O3 for use in generators. electricity + water, and salts and some rare elements are the byproducts of this tech. This tech replaces this buried tech, see the link. http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/5498826/description.html __________ Plasma weapons and defense: The russians can fire a plasma ball 50Km, this would be like an EMP. here is the news link. (I have a defense for this attack!) http://www.fas.org/news/russia/1995/tac95060.htm Plasma can sheild radiation, it protects Earth from solar radiation. Dr. Paul A. Curto sent this letter to Senator Inhofe, and let me post it here, thank you Paul. Honorable sir, Dr. James Tracy of your home state has some very interesting inventions which may become crucial to both our energy independence and our fight to stave off global warming. I met Dr. Tracy online at PickensPlan, where he revealed some of his ideas. He is a truly gifted and prolific inventor. He has several other supporters who will also vouch for his abilities, Nelson Camus, and Charles Ivie. He has an application for a grant to assist in his research. Please look into his case. It may be a life saver for millions of Americans. Sir, I served my Nation as an engineer and scientist for over 42 years, With NASA, the US Army, MITRE, and Dravo Corporation. I was Chief Technologist at NASA until I retired last year, and was known for my work in evaluating all of NASA's most important technological discoveries. I know good ideas when I see one, and this has the right potentialities. Thank you for your attention. --Dr. Paul A. Curto, CEO Pure Power Inc. Potomac, MD 20854 With 3RD party testing at http://www.southernresearch.org/environmental/indtechver.html Contact info: James Tracy Rt 1 Box 450 Nescatunga Ok. 73749 Ph: no phone email: james@purepowercorp.com Yahoo messenger: jamestracy1@yahoo.com myspace: purepowercorp Linkedin.com: http://www.linkedin.com/pub/james-tracy/9/2b8/15 Youtube.com channel: purepowercorp Lead, Follow or get out of the WAY!

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